HealthcareKiller of African children set for vaccine zap

Killer of African children set for vaccine zap

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Hundreds of thousands of people, mostly children living in Africa, succumb every year to malaria, an age-old mosquito-borne scourge that worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 627,000 people died of in 2020, the latest year for which figures are available—an increase of 12 percent over 2019.

Ahead of World Malaria Day on Monday, AFP takes a look at this notorious disease and the excitement surrounding new vaccines.

Half the world at risk

Malaria is a threat to half the world’s population.

Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, the eastern Mediterranean, the Americas and areas in the Pacific such as Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands are all considered at risk.

Rolling back disease

Before 2020, the world had made steady progress on the transmission and treatment of malaria, chiefly through the use of insecticide-treated , testing and effective drugs.

Annual cases had fallen by 27 percent by 2017 compared with the start of the century and deaths had plunged by over 50 percent.

In June 2021, China was certified as malaria-free by the WHO, ending a long battle that began in the 1940s when the country reported 30 million cases annually.

China has gone four consecutive years without a single locally-sourced case.


Some 241 million cases of malaria disease were recorded worldwide in 2020, 14 million more than a year earlier, according to the WHO.

Approximately two-thirds of the additional deaths in 2020 were linked to disruption in providing malaria prevention, testing and treatment during the coronavirus pandemic.

Many patients avoided hospitals for fearing of contracting the novel virus.

Big killer in Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is where 95 percent of all malaria cases and 96 percent of all deaths occur.

Half the world’s cases in 2020 were reported from four African countries: Nigeria (31.9 percent of known cases), DR Congo (13.2 percent), Tanzania (4.1 percent) and Mozambique (3.8 percent).

Very young victims

Children under five are the most vulnerable to malaria.

In 2020, some 80 percent of the total malaria deaths on the African continent were in this age category.

Five parasite species

Records of the disease date back to antiquity, with symptoms including fever, headaches and muscle pain, followed by cycles of chills, fever and sweating.

Five parasite species cause malaria in humans, and all are spread through the bites of infected female mosquitoes.

The Plasmodium falciparum parasite is responsible for the most deaths.


Several preventative treatments are available that help reduce the intensity of the disease and avoid deaths as well as reduce transmission.

The WHO says the best, particularly for P. falciparum malaria, is artemisinin-based (ACT).

Preventative treatments are also strongly recommended for pregnant women and infants living in at-risk areas and travellers going to these zones. Insecticide-treated bed nets are also a cheap and effective shield.

Vaccine buzz

In October 2021, the WHO recommended “broad use” of the world’s first malaria vaccine for children in sub-Saharan Africa after reviewing a pilot programme run in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi.

The RTS,S vaccine, which is made by the British pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline, was found to considerably reduce from the P. falciparum parasite, which is most common in Africa.

Other vaccines are on the horizon, including one developed by Britain’s Oxford University, whose Matrix-M vaccine candidate became the first to surpass a WHO threshold of 75-percent efficacy.

Gavi alliance OKs funds for Africa malaria vaccine roll-out

© 2022 AFP

Malaria: Killer of African children set for vaccine zap (2022, April 23)
retrieved 24 April 2022

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no
part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Original Source Link

Latest News

Fani Willis Cites Appearance On Rachel Maddow In Primary Victory Speech

Fulton County DA Fani Willis was interviewed by Rachel Maddow the night before the Democratic primary and she...

Why we still don't know exactly how bird flu is spreading between cows

Early evidence suggests that a bird flu virus called H5N1 may be infecting dairy cows through contaminated milking...

14 Outdoor Decorating Mistakes to Avoid This Year

Designing a picture-perfect outdoor space goes beyond simply arranging furniture and plants. It’s about creating a functional, inviting...

Ireland, Norway, Spain, recognize Palestinian statehood : NPR

Good morning. You're reading the Up First newsletter. Subscribe here to get...

Who Is Zac Brown’s Wife? 5 Things to Know About Kelly Yazdi – Hollywood Life

View gallery Zac Brown and his estranged wife, Kelly Yazdi, have made headlines for their divorce, which took a...

Formula 1 wants Monaco to shell out more to host opulent Grand Prix

Liberty Media Corp., owner of the Formula 1 racing business, is seeking additional funds from the principality of...

Must Read

Emerging from Bearish Sentiment, Crypto Market Optimism Rises

Bitcoin price is up nearly 8% and it...

Israel Recovers Bodies Of 3 Israelis Killed During October 7 Attack

JERUSALEM — The Israeli military says it found...
- Advertisement -

You might also likeRELATED
Recommended to you